-LAN Card-

UEC2300-32T
   UEC2300-64T
   UEC2300-SCT

UEC2200-W
   UEC2200-B
   UEC2200-S

UEC2100-TC(T)



General Questions
 

Q32: There is a boot ROM socket on NIC UEC2200-W, UEC2200-B, UEC2200-S, what boot ROM can I use?
Q31: Where can I find MAC address of your Ethernet LAN card ?
Q30: Why can't I use Windowss Network Neighbor to browse the network?
Q29:
After install the driver of LAN card and restart PC, this PC can not access any other 
        computer in network?

Q28: After install the driver of NIC and restart PC. This PC can access any other computer 
        in network.But system will hang out after transfer one large size file?

Q27:
After install the driver of NIC and restart PC. This PC can access any other computer in network.
        But performance is not good?
Q26: Why does my computer work incorrectly after I plugged the WOL cable?
Q25:
I install NIC driver correctly in Win95, but I can't ping or browse any computer in the network.
        Why can't I use PCI NIC on VIA chipset's motherboard?

Q24:
I had installed NIC and TCP/IP protocol, why can't I ping any other computer in the net?
Q23:
I can install 10M LAN card on NetWare 3.12, but I can't install 10/100M for NetWare 3.12. Why?
Q22:
To install driver in Windows95 or 98 manually failed or select Cancel when system first time 
        detect a PCI Ethernet device and request driver diskette. How can I install again?

Q21: Execute diagnostic program from the DOS prompt in Windows95/98 OS. 
        The testing result display
abnormal?

Q20: The system could not boot up from the network after install BOOTROM chip at NIC?
Q19: What kind protocol support in BOOTROM function?
Q18: I want to use RPL(802.2) and 802.3 frame type at the same time.
        But when I bind 802.3 to server, the RPL user will fail to do remote booting?

Q17:
Can BOOTROM use client 32 for DOS to do remote booting?
Q16: I have two 10/100M LAN Card. One is RTL8139B chip another is RTL8139C chip. 
        I have a BOOTROM on RTL8139B. Can I use it on RTL8139C?

Q15: If user install old version NIC driver that for Windows95 at older Windows98 OS,
        then will cause some error occurred.
Q14: If connect LAN Card to device that does not support N-Way function. What will happen?
Q13: Why a twisted-pair cable works for 10Mbps hub but not work for 100Mbps hub?
Q12: Originally, a 10Mbps NIC works fine. When it replaced by 10/100Mbps NIC,
        it doesn't work correctly. Why?

Q11: I want to use TP cable to connect two computers, but I don't want to use a hub. How should I do?
Q10: What is Nway Auto-Negotiation ?
Q09: How does Nway Auto-Negotiation operate?
Q08: What is a wireless LAN Access Point?
Q07: How does Parallel Detection operate?
Q06: What is the priority hierarchy of Auto-Negotiation?
Q05: What is polarity reversal of a twisted-pair signal?
Q04: What are the 100BASE-TX cabling standards?
Q03: Does PCI Network cards support IRQ sharing ?
Q02: REALTEK 8139/8139A/8139B/8139C had change many version.
        What difference between these modifications?

Q01:
What operating system (NOS) that the LAN card supported?

 Q32: There is a boot ROM socket on NIC UEC2200-W, UEC2200-B, UEC2200-S, 
         what boot ROM can I use?

There are some boot ROM can be used for Realtek RTL8139x based NIC as follows:

1. PXE ROM code (pxe-8139(216).zip)

2. RPL and PXE ROM code (pxerpl-8139(216).zip)

3. RPL Boot ROM code (rpl-8139(317).zip)

To program boot ROM, you may need an utility as follows:
BootROM Flash utility (rtflash(150)-8139.zip)
After you plug into boot ROM into socket, you need to turn Boot ROM enabled by Setup program   
(rset8139-505b.zip).

For more information about boot ROM support, you may check Realtek web site for updated boot ROM code at URL link http://www.realtek.com.tw/downloads/downloads1-3.aspx?series=16&Software=True
Heading DOS section.

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Q31: Where can I find MAC address of your Ethernet LAN card?

There are several ways to find the MAC address.

1. If you already installed this card in Windows, please execute your "DOS prompt" (or Command Line Utility) to go to C:\> Then type
C:\>ipconfig /all  (press enter key)
You can find the display:
Ethernet adapter #1
    Physical Address . . . . . 00-08-54-12-34-56

2. If you are using Win98, please Start->Run->winipcfg to see Ethernet Adapter MAC address.

3. If you can find the driver floppy, please execute RSET8139.EXE to see its MAC address.

4.. If you have not yet install the card, you may find a bar code label on the card. Which is printed with MAC address.

Q30: Why can't I use Windowss Network Neighbor to browse the network?

1. The NIC doesn't connect to the network or there is a connection problem between NIC and device.
- You can check the cabling, the cable should match the EIA568B.
- Check the device you connected. If the device is pure 100Mbs hub or switch, the 10Mbps and 100Mbps will not communicate with each other. Thus, you need a 10/100 dual speed hub or switch. Thus, you need to use 10/100 Mbps dual speed hub or switch.

2. If you can't browse the network, but you can find other computer. Then there could be two reasons to cause this problem.
- In Control Panel -> Network -> Primary Network Logon. Change the "Windows logon" to " Client for Microsoft Networks".
- When you login to Win95/98, don't bypass user name and password.

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Q29: After install the driver of LAN card and restart PC,
        this PC can not access any other computer in network?

Check all golden fingers of NIC are firm seated in the PCI slot of PC.
Check the cabling connection and LED of NIC.
Test the function of hardware in that PC by diagnostic program.
Boot up at DOS. Execute the "LSL" from diskette and execute "RTSODI" from diskette. Check the messages that echo in screen. If that IRQ will conflict with other devices, then change the IRQ of PCI slot from "Auto" to "Fix"
 

Q28: After install the driver of NIC and restart PC. This PC can access any other computer
        in network. But system will hang out after transfer one large size file?

Check the cabling connection and LED of NIC.
Test the function of hardware in that PC by diagnostic program.

Boot up at DOS. Execute the "LSL" from diskette and execute "RTSODI" from diskette. Check the messages about the selected medium that echo in screen if it is correct.
 

Q27: After install the driver of NIC and restart PC. This PC can access any other 
        computer in network. But performance is not good?

Some BIOS setting will change to abnormal in PC, as BUS clock, normal PCI BUS rate to ISA BUS should be 4:1, but check as 1:1

Power on PC. Press Del key to setting CMOS. Select the Load Default item in menu. Check above value again after re-boot.
 

Q26: Why does my computer work incorrectly after I plugged the WOL cable?

Our card has its own WOL cable, do not use another's cable to connect. It could be caused blank screen and PC will not work properly.

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Q25: I install NIC driver correctly in Win95, but I can't ping or browse any computer
        in the network. Why can't I use PCI NIC on VIA chipset's motherboard?

Although VIA chipset is an Intel compatible product, it still needs a patch program to let operating system enable and optimize its functions. The most important function that will affect PCI NIC is IRQ Routing. If you do not use this program to patch Win95/98, the resources of IRQ will be unusable or assign correct one. It means that you cant use the right IRQ to invoke the function of NIC.

You can get the patch program from the web site http://www.via.com.tw/drivers/
 

Q24: I had installed NIC and TCP/IP protocol, why can't I ping any other computer in the net?

Please do the following check to verify the cause of this problem.

1. In Control Panel -> System -> Device Manager -> Network Adapters, check the NIC status. If the NIC has Question mark or Yellow mark, please remove existent driver and re-install it.
2. In Control Panel -> Network -> TCP/IP, select Properties -> IP Address. Make sure the IP address setting and subnet mask is suitable for your network environment.
 

Q23: I can install 10M LAN card on NetWare 3.12, but I can't install 10/100M for
        NetWare 3.12. Why?

Because the driver of 10/100M LAN card follow Novell ODI Driver Specification version 3.3, the NetWare version 3.12 and 4.10 server must be patched to work with this driver. The servers of NetWare version 4.11 and above do not need to be patched. The patching method is described as below:

1. Copy LOADER.EXE and LSWAP.EXE to the NetWare 4.10 server directory.
2. Execute LSWAP.EXE at MS-DOS prompt from server directory.

Usage: LSWAP [loaderFilePath [serverFilePath]]
Default loaderFilePath = C:\NWSERVER\LOADER.EXE
Default serverFilePath = C:\NWSERVER\SERVER.EXE
 

Q22: To install driver in Windows95 or 98 manually failed or select Cancel 
        when system first time detect a PCI Ethernet device and request driver diskette. 
        How can I install again?

Sometimes after manually install driver, that register wrong resource will cause the NIC driver work fail.
If user selects cancel, then device will be setting to unknown device and latch the resource that should allocated to later installed driver.
So check the device manager from control panel and check all unknown device. If that unknown device is PCI Ethernet, then remove it and reinstall NIC driver.

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Q21: Execute diagnostic program from the DOS prompt in Windows95/98 OS. 
        The testing result display abnormal?

The diagnostic program some functions will use the IRQ that will be used in windows system. So will cause some function test failure.

Power on PC and press "F8" key to show one menu screen. Select command mode only from menu. Execute that diagnostic program at the C:\ prompt. Then all test result will be correct.
 

Q20: The system could not boot up from the network after install BOOTROM chip at NIC?

The default setting in NIC is disabled the BOOTROM function. User should execute diagnostic program and change the setting in NIC to enable and select the size of BOOTROM.

The size unit of BOOTROM in NIC is byte (8 bits), and the size unit of BOOTROM in chipset is bit. So if you use 512K-bit chip, then select 64KB in NIC. If you use 1M-bit chip, then select 128KB in NIC.
 

Q19: What kind protocol support in BOOTROM function?

We had support RPL protocol for boot up from network. That is available at NOVELL and Windows NT system.
Currently had support another PXE for boot up from network.
 

Q18: I want to use RPL(802.2) and 802.3 frame type at the same time. 
        But when I bind 802.3 to server, the RPL user will fail to do remote booting?

1. Login Novell server with admin.
2. Create a file named BOOTCONF.SYS in the F:\login directory. The format of BOOTCONF.SYS is as follow:
0x$$$$$$$$,00E07Dxxxxxx = DOS622.SYS


Where:
- 0x$$$$$$$$ is the 802.2 frame net (To get the number, you can run "config" on Novell server, search the 802.2 frame type, find "LAN protocol: IPX network $$$$$$$$.)
- 0080c8xxxxxx is the MAC address.
- DOS622.SYS is the Image file.

3. In the BOOTCONF.SYS, the administrator needs to configure what MAC needs what IMAGE file using what frame type, for example, 0x3B74A83A,00E07D5ac89d = DOS622.sys.

With this BOOTCONF.SYS, they can use different image file with different frame type.

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Q17: Can BOOTROM use client 32 for DOS to do remote booting?

If you want to do remote booting procedure, you need to match two conditions.
1. The driver of NIC has to support remote booting function.
2. The application also has to support remote booting function.
Since the *.LAN driver of our NIC doesn't support remote booting function. The BOOTROM can't use client32 for dos to do remote booting.
 

Q16: I have two 10/100M LAN Card. One is RTL8139B chip another is RTL8139C chip. 
        I have a BOOTROM on RTL8139B. Can I use it on RTL8139C?

Yes.
 

Q15: If user install old version NIC driver that for Windows95 at older Windows98 OS,
        then will cause some error occurred.

Please visit our web home page and download new version NIC driver. That will fix above problem.
 

Q14: If connect LAN Card to device that does not support N-Way function. 
        What will happen?

If that device does not support N-way, then user should change the parameter of driver from default to fixed medium. But this setting will disable the negotiation function. So be care check setting of that other device.

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Q13: Why a twisted-pair cable works for 10Mbps hub but not work for 100Mbps hub?

100M bps runs at Cat. 5 twisted-pair cable will cause some cross-talk signal. If the 3rd and 6th wire of RJ-45 connector are not belong at the same twisted pair. That will cause problem with longer distance as above 40 meters. User should check the wiring before install the 100Mbps network.
 

Q12: Originally, a 10Mbps NIC works fine. When it replaced by 10/100Mbps NIC,
        it doesn't work correctly. Why?

If the 10/100Mbps NIC is OK and it can install correctly on the operating system (I.E. Win95/98). It could be caused by wire problem.

1. 10Mps NIC have more tolerance of signal noise ratio than 100Mbps NIC. 10Mbps can use CAT3 or CAT5 wire to connect, but 100Mbps needs better wire quality and it is only allowed to use CAT5 wire.
2. There are four pairs of CAT5, each pair has its own definition. You must make sure the twisted-pair of wiring is wire-1 and 2 twisted, wire-3 and 6 twisted, wire-4 and 5 twisted, wire-7 and 8 twisted.
 

Q11: I want to use TP cable to connect two computers, but I don't want to use a hub.
        How should I do?

You can make a crossover cable, it can let you connect two computers without any device (I.E. Hub or Switch).
 

Q10: What is Nway Auto-Negotiation ?

Auto-Negotiation is a mechanism that takes control of the cable when a connection is established to a network device. Auto-Negotiation detects the various modes that exist in the device on the other end of the wire, and advertises it own abilities to automatically configure the highest performance mode of interoperation.  

Auto-Negotiation acts like a rotary switch that automatically switches to the correct technology, such as 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, 100BASE-T4, or a corresponding Full Duplex mode. Once the highest performance common mode is determined, Auto-Negotiation passes control of the cable to the appropriate technology and becomes transparent until the connection is broken.

Auto-Negotiation leverages the proven link function of 10BASE-T to provide robust operation over Category 3, 4, or 5 Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP.)

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Q09: How does Nway Auto-Negotiation operate?

An Auto-Negotiation device advertises its abilities and detects the abilities of the remote device by Fast Link Pulse. Once Auto-Negotiation has received the link device's abilities in this way and it receives acknowledgment that it is able to receive by the link device.

Auto-Negotiation compares the two sets of abilities and decides which technology to connect. This decision is based upon a pre-agreed priority of technologies. Auto-Negotiation attaches the highest performance common technology to the medium and becomes transparent until the link goes down or is reset.
 

Q08: What is a wireless LAN Access Point?

- AUTOMATIC CONNECTION
The primary benefit of Auto-Negotiation is the automatic connection of the highest performance technology available without any intervention from a user, manager, or management software.

- BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY
If Auto-Negotiation exists at only one end of a twisted-pair link, it finds that the Link device does not support the auto-Negotiation mechanism. Instead of exchanging configuration information, it examines the signal it is receiving. If Auto-Negotiation discovers that the signal it is receiving. If Auto-Negotiation that the signal matches a technology that the device supports that the signal matches a technology that the device supports, it will automatically connect that technology. This function, know as Parallel Detection, gives Auto-Negotiation the ability to be compatible with any device that does not support Auto-Negotiation, yet support: 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, or 100BASE-T4, Connection to any technology by Parallel Detection other than those listed above is not supported by Auto-Negotiation.

- NETWORK PROTECTION
If there is no common technology exists, Auto-Negotiation will not make a connection. This assures preservation will not make a connection. This assures preservation of network integrity and minimization of network down time. In particular, Hub is a primary beneficiary of this feature. For example, if a user connected through that switch. However, if the hub has Auto-Negotiation, it would refuse the connection and allow the rest of the networks to continue as usual. In fact, with Auto-Negotiation in the hub, the network users are protected from any connection that the hub cannot recognize of accept.

- UPGRADE PATH
New nodes on the market will have 100Mbps functionality also traditional 10BASE-T. This means that there will be some latent performance available as these new nodes are added to an old 10BASE-T network. When the performance issue becomes critical, the latent ability can be tapped into by upgrading the hub. Auto-Negotiation enables the upgrade to occur without reconfiguring each node and/or each port on the new hub.

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Q07: How does Parallel Detection operate?

Auto-Negotiation passes the signals presently on the receiver to the 100BASE-TX and 100BASE-T4 Link Monitor functions.
If Auto-Negotiation finds that exactly one Link Monitor function shows that the link is good, then it can connect that technology to the media.

Note, however, that this function is only carried out for 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, and 100BASE-T4. Future multi-mode devices will use Auto-Negotiation as the basis of automatic mode switching.

Auto-Negotiation incorporates a modified 10BASE-T Link Integrity Test function as inter-operate properly with installed 10BASE-T devices. The modifications ensure that Auto-Negotiation can control the function such that 10BASE-T devices are always correctly detected.
 

Q06: What is the priority hierarchy of Auto-Negotiation?

1. 100BASE-TX Full Duplex;
2. 100BASE-T4;
3. 100BASE-TX;
4. 10BASE-T Full Duplex;
5. 10BASE-T 
 

Q05: What is polarity reversal of a twisted-pair signal?

A UTP cable consists of 4 pairs of twisted-pair cable, in which one pair of wiring is used to transmit data and one pair is used to receive data.
To resist the disturbance, each pair send both "positive" and "negative" signals simultaneously, denoted as TX+ and TX-, as depicted below:
Pin1 TX+ --> RX+  Pin3;
Pin2 TX- --> RX-  Pin6;
Pin3 RX+ <-- TX+ Pin1;
Pin4
Pin5;
Pin6 RX- <-- TX-  Pin2;
Pin7;
Pin8;

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Q04: What are the 100BASE-TX cabling standards?

100BASE-TX: Fast Ethernet for Category 5 UTP; Max. Segment length: 100 meter;
Cable type: Catrgory 5 UTP cable using 22 or 24 AWG unshielded twisted-pair wire with an impedance of 100 ohms.
Connectors: AT&T 258A RJ-45 connection, EIA/TIA-568B standard
 

Q03: Does PCI Network cards support IRQ sharing ?

Yes, our PCI cards support IRQ sharing.
To share an interrupt number for PCI devices, the follows must be met:
1. The motherboard and its BIOS must support shared interrupts.
2. Both PCI devices must be able to share an interrupt.
If any of these requirements are not met then the NIC or another PCI device will not work properly.
 

Q02: REALTEK 8139/8139A/8139B/8139C had change many version.
        What difference between these modifications?

RTL8139 is first version for single chipset, that need one clean clock source and work at DC 5V.
RTL8139A had add one Wake on LAN (WOL) function, that need to expand the internal register of chipset and work at DC5V. RTL8139B had built in one clock source ASIC, so change the clock source from OSC to Crystal and support both DC 5V&3.3V.
RTL8139C had support expand ACPI from PCI BUS 2.2 Wake on LAN from PCI BUS. Just work at green power DC 3.3V.
 

Q01: What operating system (NOS) that the LAN card supported?

DOS ODI; Client32; NetWare ODI; DOS NDIS 2.0; OS2 NDIS 2.0;
NDIS 3.0/4.0/5.0 for Windows series; Linux; FTP packet driver;
SCO UNIX; MAC. OS

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EUSSO Technologies, Inc. is a dedicated data communication and networking company. With professional experiences in design, production, marketing and service support, we deliver the full range networking products including Gigabit Ethernet, Fiber Optic, Wireless LAN, Switches, Hubs, LAN cards, PCMCIA adapters, Converter, Transceivers. As well as Internet Telephony Gateway, Print Servers, Broadband Router and many others.

Copyright EUSSO Technologies, Inc. 2003